In 1855 there was a huge earthquake in Edo, Japan. More than 7000 people lost their lives. After the quake a number of people began to produce a new kind of woodblock print called namazu-e--catfish pictures. It was believed that a giant catfish (namazu) caused the quake from thrashing about in their underground lairs. Namazu were thought to be kept under control by the god Kashima who used a large rock known as kaname-ishi to keep them in line . The Great Ansei Earthquake of 1855 is said to have occurred when Kashima went out of town and left Ebisu (god of fishing and commerce) in charge. The images depicted not only the quake, but were also used as protective devices--sort of good luck talismans. There images took off and within days there were more than 400 images available. But it all dried up when the authorities, who kept a very strict censorship on the printing industry, cracked down.
There is a book available for free on Amazon/Kindle called, 2:46 Aftershocks: Stories from the Japan earthquake, that functions like a namazu-e in a small way. Like the namazu-e, it was produced very quickly (a week) after the recent quake by a number of writers, designers, photographers and features personal reflections and images from the aftermath of the quake. Initially the book was $9.99 with all proceeds going to the victims, now you can make a donation of the same value to the Red Cross. It is a compelling book, very raw, and on one level not an easy read given the subject matter--but as a small glimpse on aspects of humanity it's a gem.